AIRAVATA

AIRAVATA

An elephant; the vehicle of Indra Airavata was the celestial elephant-king and the vehicle of Indra. Airavata was popularly known as the white elephant with wings. He was a descendant of the lineage of the sage KasSyapa. Airavata came from a maternal line (Kasyapa’s wife Krodhavasa, their daughter Bhadramata, her daughter Iravati, and then Airavata). Such parentage would certainly explain how it was possible for Airavata to be born as king of the elephants. In mythic time gods might simply change into an animal species with their spouses and have … Continue reading

AHALYA

AHALYA

The first woman; one of the five perfect women The story of Ahalya has as many dimensions as it has versions. She appeared in the epic Ramayana but was also projected back to the beginning of the creation of this age (yuga). One account stated that Brahma created her as the first and most beautiful woman on earth. Then he gave her to the rishi (sage) Gautama. In most tellings, the rest of her story illustrated how a perfect woman should behave under the worst of circumstances. The villain was … Continue reading

AGNI -A deva (god), god of fire

AGNI -A deva (god), god of fire

At his earliest appearance in the Rigveda, Agni was a complex deity. He was the fire of the sacred sacrifices that were the heart of Vedic religion as well as the central rituals of a seminomadic warrior culture. Agni was addressed as the deva who ruled earth, a third of the entire cosmos. Two other gods with the charac­teristic of fire formed a triad with Agni. The solar fire (deified by many names, especially that of Surya) was ruler of heaven; and the fire of the middle air, light­ning, was … Continue reading

AGASTYA, – AGASTI

AGASTYA, – AGASTI

A rishi (sage) who conquered the Vindhya mountains Agasti was mentioned in a hymn in the Rigveda dedicated to Mitra, a solar deity. That hymn said that two of the adityas, Mitra (comradeship) and Varuna (binder, “all-seeing”), placed their semen in a pot and set it before Urvasi, an unusually beautiful apsara (celestial maiden). Because she had aroused their desires, Mitra and Varuna cursed Urvasi to live on earth as the wife of the rishi Pururavas. Agasti (or Agastya) and Vasishtha were the sons born to her. Later versions expanded … Continue reading

ADITYAS – Devas (gods)

ADITYAS – Devas (gods)

The sons born to Kasyapa-prajapati (a grandfather or procreator) and Aditi (mother of the gods) are called the adityas. In the hymns of the Rigveda, Aditi only had seven or eight children. But by the time of the Brahmanas there are twelve adityas: Dhata, Mitra, Aryaman, Rudra, Varuna, Surya, Bhaga, Vivasvan, Pusha, Savita, Tvashta, and Vishnu. They are among the most important of the earliest Vedic gods. This grouping could represent the twelve months, as they are celestial deities. In another context aditya (singular not plural) referred to the sun … Continue reading

ADITI -A devi (goddess), mother of the gods

ADITI -A devi (goddess), mother of the gods

There are few interesting myths to tell about Aditi, but her status and roles change so remarkably that she illustrates the fluidity of Hindu myths. Her name literally means eternity (free, boundless, infinity), so philosophically she is a per­sonification of time. Aditi slowly evolved as the prototype of the Great Mother, Devi, or Sakti. In the early Rigveda she was described as the mother of seven (and later twelve) adityas (children of Aditi), and was prayed to for protection. There are prayers to her in this period asking her to … Continue reading

THE EMERGENCE OF RUDRAVATAR AND CREATION

THE EMERGENCE OF RUDRAVATAR  AND CREATION Brahma said to Narada- “When I accomplished my penance, Lord Shiva manifested in his incarnation of Rudra from in between the eyebrows. Half of his body resembled like that of a  woman (Ardhanarishwar). I requested him help me in my creational activities.  Rudra created his hosts (Rudragana) who resembled like him. I requested him to create the mortals, to which he laughed and said, that he liberated  mortals  from  their  sorrow,  so  how  could  he  fasten  them  with  bondages.  Rudra requested me to create … Continue reading

Significance of varalami vratham puja festivals day

Significance of varalami vratham puja festivals day

LORD SHIVA describes the glory of this Vrata in the Skanda Purana. It is performed by a woman whose husband is still living. Maha Lakshmi is the abode of all auspiciousness and prosperity. This worship of Maha Lakshmi is done to obtain good progeny, and for the health and long life of the husband. The Vrata is observed on the Friday immediately preceding the full moon day of the month of Sravan (August-September). After a purificatory bath, the lady should put on a clean, fresh cloth and make a mandala … Continue reading

significance of vaikunta ekadasi festivals day

significance of vaikunta ekadasi festivals day

VAIKUNTA Ekadashi falls in the month of Marga-seersha (December-January). This is observed with all solemnity in the temples of Lord Vishnu. Fasting is prescribed on all Ekadashis, that is, the 11th day of the lunar fortnight, twice a month. In this Kali Yuga, even if just one Ekadashi is observed with dispassion, faith and devotion, and if the mind is wholly fixed on Hari, one is freed from the rounds of birth and death. There is no doubt about this. The scriptures give us their assurance on this point. Devotees … Continue reading